RV Refrigerators and Its Propane Usage

Traveling to remote areas such as oceans, mountains, and lakes require you to ensure that your foods always stay cold during the trip. While having a cooler will aid you with that, making ice can be a bit difficult especially when there is no fridge around.

Of course, you can have a stopover somewhere and buy some ice, but it is costly and time-consuming. To make your life easier while traveling, you should invest in a propane-using RV refrigerator. The best thing about a propane refrigerator is that you can use it anywhere. No need to find an electrical socket, its battery, and propane gas will provide you convenience even in remote locations.

How Does It Work?

  • In case you don’t know, a propane refrigerator is operated by its sealed piping system. Inside this pipe are a combination of water, hydrogen, and ammonia. The flame generated from the propane provides heat to the boiler that contains a solution of water and ammonia.
  • Once heated, it bubbles up via a percolator pump. Hot ammonia vapor was then released when this happens and it brings the water back to the boiler. Vapor rises into a condenser which transfers heat into the room air and then turns back to liquid thereafter.
  • This ammonia liquid will be drained down into an evaporator that contains hydrogen gas. The gas vaporizes the ammonia again and draws heat energy from the interiors.
  • After that, the hydrogen and ammonia mixture will be absorbed by the absorber chamber. In here, the ammonia will be dissolved again as water. This will lead to the release of hydrogen gas which will then goes back up to the evaporator once again.
  • The water and ammonia solution drains down to the boiler and will continue the cycle vice versa. Keep in mind that propane refrigerators are already available back in the 1930s. It became popular because of its easy convenience and for it being a great alternative when electric power is out of sight.

Propane Consumption of an RV Refrigerator

  • When it comes to propane consumption, you don’t need to worry about energy deficiency because most propane-made products are built with low emissions and fuel economy in mind. Propane refrigerators back from the 70s consume as half of the propane that’s used by refrigerators dated back in the 60s and earlier.
  • A 12 cubic feet of propane fridge consumes up to 1.5-lb. of propane gas when being used daily. Converting it into energy you get around 1,400 British thermal units every hour. However, if you opt for a smaller propane fridge, it will only consume less than 1-lb. of propane daily.
  • Larger units, however, consume more than 2-lb. of propane. While this is mostly true, it will also depend on the brand of the fridge.

Lowering the Propane Consumption of an RV Fridge

  • Can you actually lower its propane consumption? Probably! Below are some useful tips to make your RV fridge more efficient to use.
  • Level the fridge and the RV – leveling your fridge with your RV is the first thing you should do to make it operate more efficiently. Have an older model? A more precise modeling is fairly needed. However, newer models these days also need to be leveled properly to make it perform better. Using the fridge without it being properly leveled will result in permanent damage.

  • Cold foods come first – Fridge’s initial cooling down process often takes 4-6 hours. Best thing to do is let the fridge on for a day before putting all foods inside. When it comes to putting foods inside, make sure that cold foods come first. Cold foods play a vital role once they’re inside the fridge. Putting them first will make the unit work less, thus meaning less consumption for propane. You should also make it a habit not to overload your fridge too. Make some spaces in between each food to let the air circulate freely.

  • Use battery-operated fans for RV fridges – Most RV fridges today doesn’t come with built-in fans that can help circulate cold air inside. So investing in a battery-operated fan can be a big help when it comes to that. Put these fans at the bottom part of the fridge to let cold air circulate inside. Having proper air circulation also leads to reducing cool-down period up to 50%

  • Check the back of the fridge for obstructions – All of the work to make the fridge run is always found at the back of the fridge. So it’s always a good idea to check the back of the fridge from time to time and check for obstructions.

  • Do some routine maintenance – Doing routine maintenance ensures that your RV fridge will perform efficiently. Keep in mind that a properly maintained fridge is the key for a lower propane consumption. Take time to check your fridge if there are soot, rust, and any other items or hindrance that can affect its performance.

  • Keep its temperature low when it’s cold – In case you don’t know, the temperature outside the fridge also plays a vital role for its performance. So if it’s cold outside, turn down your RV fridge’s temperature level to make it consume less propane gas.


  • Having an RV refrigerator needs proper tending to make it perform more efficiently and effectively. Educating yourself and by following the tips above will get you ready for your road trip without worrying about RV fridge issues.

Tips to Make Your Concrete Odor-Free from Dog and Cat Urine

We all love our pets, even though they can create some little accidents sometimes. Sure you can clean a carpet easily in case they’ve urinated on it. But when it comes to your garage, it’s another side of the story. Listed below are a few tips to keep your garage floor odor-free from your pet’s urine.

Before anything else, cleaning urine out of concrete is a multi-step process. The good thing about the tips listed below is that it not only cleans urine odor, it also helps prevent further issues to happen.


  • Concrete may be sturdy to look at, but its porous nature is the real challenge here. Meaning, every liquid can enter in and sink deep down if not taken care off early. Even worse is the smell coming from the urine can lie dormant after it dries. And it can be re-activated when you pour another form of liquid into it. The best thing you can do is to perform deep cleaning to completely eliminate its smell. Sealing the surface after doing such will prevent further damage.

Preparing to Clean

  • Before you start scrubbing the floor, ensuring the entire floor is completely dust-free is the first thing you should do. Begin by using a push broom to sweep the floor away from any tiny particles and debris.

Locate Urinated Areas

  • Now that the floor is clear from any dust or any kinds of particles, it’s time to locate the spot where your pets peed at. Use a blacklight to scan the floor from any signs of pee. Once found, use a chalk to mark the spot for east spotting later. And now for the cleaning process!

Step 1: The Initial Clean

  • There are three types of concrete cleaners that you can use. Both of them are chemical and non-chemical. Let’s have a look at them!
  • Hydrogen Peroxide – This one can yield good results but can take a few days before you can see its effects. Take two drops of Dawn paired with two teaspoons of baking soda. Add them to two cups of hydrogen peroxide in a glass bowl. Mix well until the baking soda is completely dissolved. Once done, spray or pour the mixture on the urinated areas. The solution will soak deep into the concrete, completely eliminating urine. Repeat every 24 hours in between days until the smell is completely gone.

  • Trisodium Phosphate (TSP) – This one is a heavy duty cleaner that can get rid of urine traces and eliminates bacteria. You should be careful when handling such as TSP is known to create skin damage when in contact with skin. Wearing protective clothing and also goggles is advisable and keep your kids and pets away from the area when doing your cleaning operation. Make a mixture by adding ½ cup of TSP on a tub of hot water. Pour the mixture on the affected area and make sure that it doesn’t exceed three square feet or more since it evaporates quickly. Scrub the spot in a gentle manner and allow the mixture to sink in for at least five minutes. Apply more into the urinated are if needed. A very strong odor will be present when doing such so make sure to cover your nose. After doing such, rinse the affected area with hot water.

  • Vinegar – One of the most common and cheapest ways to clean the area is probably using vinegar. Mix two parts of vinegar into hot water and pour it on the affected area. This method is probably the most effective one as it works perfectly to fight urine odors. If TSP is too dangerous for you, then use this one as an alternative.

Step 2: Treating the Stain

  • Now that you’re done removing the odor out of the concrete, it’s time to seal the entire floor by using an enzymatic cleaner. Keep in mind that you only removed the “smell” of the urine and not the urine itself.
  • Enzymatic Cleaner – This type of cleaner comes in concentrated form and it’s known to break down uric acid that sinks deep down into the concrete. Make sure to follow the instructions carefully when using such to avoid any problems later on. To start, pour a portion of the cleaner into the stain and leave it for at least 10 minutes to let it soak in completely. Use a scrub to brush tough areas. After that, allow the floor to dry overnight. Now that the floor is completely dry, it’s time for the final step.

Step 3: Preventing Further Issues

  • For the final step, it’s time to seal the floor to prevent further issues by using a protective coating. Protective coating not only seals and protect, but it also prolongs the life of your floor too.
  • Concrete Sealer – When shopping for a concrete sealer, it’s best to opt for one that can protect your floor for the years to come. After purchasing one, follow the instructions carefully before starting. Rinse the floor thoroughly after applying and let it dry for at least 24 hours. Lastly, seal any leftover cracks using caulk to prevent urine or any kinds of liquid to enter in next time.
  • Results may vary depending on the type of sealer you used. Some sealers remain dry and clear while others will give your floor a glossy finish that can make it attractive. Keep in mind that result will not instantly show up in just a day. Some sealers will need at least 3-4 days before it completely cures.

Tips to Keep Your RV Water Hose from Freezing During the Cold

Recreational vehicles such as an RV is not designed to handle cold temperatures in mind. So if you have one, you have to make sure that it stays dry especially its water hose to keep it from freezing during colder climates.

An RV is more sensitive when exposed to cold temperatures. In fact, it’s more vulnerable to freezing conditions compared to a house. Should you decide to go on a journey with your RV on the cold, you have to learn about a thing or two how to winterize it. Making sure the water lines of your RV stay dry is the first thing that you should take care of when it comes to this.

With that being said, here are a few tips to prevent your RV’s water hose from freezing.

Tip 1 – Always disconnect the hose

  • One of the most inexpensive ways to prevent your water hose from freezing is probably disconnecting it. Below is a step-by-step process on how to do it.
  • Step 1: Make sure that your RV’s holding tank is filled with water. It’s always a good idea to fill it so that you’ll have enough water supply after disconnecting the hose.
  • Step 2: After the tank is filled, disconnect the hose and put it somewhere away from the cold.
  • Step 3: Use a heating pad and put it over the water pump of your RV. Lay a few towels on top of the pump. The towels act as an insulation device just in case an electric supply is nowhere to be found.
  • Step 4: Put a small lamp on the compartment near the holding tank. The lamp acts as an extra protection to keep your water supply from being frozen.
  • Step 5: Empty the black and gray water tanks. Doing so will offer enough room especially for possible overnight waste within the compartments. After doing such, rinse the water hose to prevent solid waste from getting frozen inside.
  • Step 6: Tightly close the sewer valves. You can now freely use the water on your holding tank for ordinary use. Keep in mind that you have to use it wisely to avoid water shortage.

Tip 2 – Use a Heat Tape

  • Using a heat tape is another way to prevent your RV’s water hose from freezing. Heat tapes work wonders as it produces heat to maintain the right temperature of the water pipes. Wrap the heat tape along the pipe’s length and leave it hanging on the hose’s end. Use an insulation tube to cover the heat tape and make sure that it covers the length of the entire hose. Lastly, secure the insulation by covering it with duct tape. Heat tapes use electricity as a means of heating the pipe, making it stay dry during colder conditions.

Tip 3 – Check if Your Faucet is Running

  • Keeping the installed faucets running is another way to keep the hose from freezing. Constantly moving running water prevents the risk of freezing especially during low temperatures. Before anything else, make sure that the black and gray tanks of your RV are emptied as mentioned on the first tip. Don’t forget to rinse the black tank to prevent leftover solid waste from hardening. Once emptied, keep the gray tank’s valve open. While the black tank’s valve, on the other hand, should be remained close to prevent it from spreading foul odors. Doing so will ensure that there is a constant stream of water without worrying about overflow. Lastly, turn on your kitchen and bathroom faucets. Doing so will make a slow and consistent stream of water. Note: Only do this technique if you’re sure that the pipes will freeze.


  • We hope that these tips helped you out on keeping your RV’s water hose protected from freezing conditions. Being unprepared will result in more hassle later on especially if your water pipes and hose starts to freeze. But with the help of the tips above, you can now bid goodbye to freezing water hoses.  

The Importance of Fuel Injector Cleaners

Maintaining your vehicle regularly is crucial to make it function without problems just like the day you bought it. A properly maintained car will also make your vehicle run better in the long run. Not only that, but it will also stay in good shape. With that being said, you must pay attention even to the tiniest issues of your vehicle and fix it as soon as possible. Proper maintenance also keeps the resale value of your vehicle high just in case you have plans to sell it in the future.

Vehicle maintenance isn’t that hard. You can just go to an automotive repair shop or just fix things on your own (if you know how). It’s also easy to follow maintenance when you understand what that particular type of “maintenance” can do to your vehicle.

In the case of fuel injector cleaners, this is a kind of maintenance most car owners tend to overlook. So how important it is to use fuel injector cleaners? And what problems arise when not using such? Let’s find out down below.

Symptoms of Not Using a Fuel Injector Cleaner

  • One of the common symptoms car owners probably notice when not using fuel injector cleaners is probably the way their car drives. Fuel is the one responsible to make your car run and they go through fuel injector nozzles in order to operate. If left uncleaned, these fuel injector nozzles will get clogged which means that the ratio of gasoline and oxygen is not on an optimal level. As a result, the engine will start to behave differently than it used to be.
  • Once this happens, you will feel that your car has standard engine issues or transmission issues. Acceleration is hard to perform and the engine will start to stutter and misbehave. You will then hear some unusual noises coming from the engine especially during idling, speeding up, and slowing down. And the worst part about that is the car will completely stall.
  • Running the car at high speeds will result in poor performance. As if the car has notably less power and will be pretty slow to accelerate even at higher speeds. It will also struggle at freeway speeds which can be a bit nerve-racking.
  • Having clogged fuel injectors also means lower efficiency. This is more noticeable when you’re at a gas station. No matter how much gas you put into your car, it will still run poorly and won’t go far as many miles per gallon of gasoline.

What Happens If You Don’t Use Fuel Injector Cleaners?

  • If ever you feel a decrease in performance when driving your vehicle, chances are there are damage occurring on its insides. And the fuel injector system is most likely where the damage happens. These aren’t just small issues that you need to skip, they’re actually red flags that will lead to larger issues if not addressed as early as possible.
  • Once the fuel injector nozzles are clogged, their performance will slow drastically that may lead to malfunctioning in the long run. Too much clogging will get to the point that it will be difficult to clean the nozzles. And this is a sign that a replacement will take into place. Keep in mind that replacing a nozzle must be done entirely, and not only one at a time. Which can be costly and time-consuming.
  • These dirt and other debris that clogged your nozzle not only stays there, but it will get into the engine sooner. Once they reached the engine, it will cause scratching and fiction that can lead to various problems within the engine.

The Danger of Turbocharged Vehicles

  • Turbocharged vehicles are well-loved by a lot of sports car enthusiasts. But not cleaning those fuel injector nozzles on them can result in even bigger issues compared to “normal” vehicles. Turbocharged vehicles heavily rely on the combination of gasoline and oxygen. So once the fuel injectors are clogged, it will result in detonations to the engine that can lead to severe damage if not addressed.

It’s Never Too Late to Take Action

  • The symptoms mentioned earlier are red flags for a much bigger problem. But it’s never too late to do something about it. You can take action as early as now to avoid further issues. If you ever notice some symptoms on your car that was mentioned above, then grab a fuel injector and clean its nozzles before it’s too late.
  • It’s always ideal to regularly maintain your car for optimum performance. As soon as you noticed something is not right with your vehicle, quickly perform a fuel injector cleaning process before permanent damage will take into place.

Regularly maintaining your car should be part of your routine, and fuel injector cleaners are no exception. They may be easy to overlook and forget about, but the issues that lie underneath is one thing that we should definitely avoid. Using a fuel injector cleaner is easy, and you’ll have a better performing car in no time. So what are you waiting for? Start cleaning your vehicle’s fuel injector nozzles today!

The Difference Between TPO and EPDM RV Roofs

There are lots of choices when shopping for RV roofs. But before spending into one, you must educate yourself first so that no amount of money should be wasted from your wallet. Don’t rush on buying one if you just heard an opinion of a particular product that’s introduced to your first. One sided is never an option when it comes to careful shopping. Instead, make it a habit to review other products too and determine their pros and cons. In this article, we will be talking about two RV roof choices: TPO and EPDM.

TPO and EPDM RV Roofs: What Are They?

  • Most people choose TPO roofs because of its price and its white color. It has a built-in TPO membrane that can be attached by screwing or using adhesive glue. But better yet, you can just heat-weld the membrane for easier convenience.
  • The TPO roof has a laminated nature and it comes with a different material in the top and bottom. For most TPO roofs, it has a white top and a gray bottom. Opting for TPO has its advantages such as it can be fully integrated with a reinforcement to make it more durable. It might take a little time and effort when installing such since it is difficult to do so.
  • On the other hand, the EPDM roof can be vulcanized that you can let it dry into the sheets. If vulcanizing is not your thing, you can leave the material to a semi-solid state.
  • The vulcanized EPDM acts as the roof’s membrane. Meanwhile, the non-vulcanized one acts as a flashing of the cured material of the roof as part of the work. Keep in mind that the EPDM is made from a material called synthetic rubber, which is the main reason for its black color.
  • With that being said, which of the two should you choose? Let’s find out below.

The Cost

  • When differentiating the cost between the two, TPO is one of the more expensive ones. That’s why some people opt for EPDM roofs because it feels more economical and can be easily installed when single-ply roofing membranes come into play.
  • Choosing from the two when it comes to pricing, you should pick one that has a thicker membrane. Although both TPO and EPDM roofs deliver excellent quality performance, having thicker membranes should be put into consideration when buying one.

Life Span

  • One trick to determine the longevity of a single-pry roofing membrane is how they overlapped the seams and how they are attached together. Improper attachment of these membranes can lead to leaks.
  • TPO roof is actually still an experimental product when it comes to RV roofing. And as of today, it is still difficult to determine the longevity of such. In conclusion, you should opt for EPDM roofing for now because it is already guaranteed that they last longer based on experience by most RV owners.

Build Quality

  • EPDM roofing steals the spotlight when it comes to durability. It is made from a material such as a rubber compound and has been used by many as long as it’s been around. It also comes with detailed flashings and well-tapered seams, which makes it more durable that can even last for up to 25 years.
  • EPDM roofing is also capable to withstand colder climates compared to TPO roofing. Not just that, it also provides ultraviolet light resistance and has been recognized by the roofing industry as the most reliable roof when it comes to RV roofing.
  • On the other hand, the TPO seam is constructed to be as durable as the EPDM. The problem with it is that it still needs a little tweaking to its membranes’ formulation to match the durability EPDM has.
  • That being said, EPDM is the way to go if build quality comes into mind. TPO is not water resistant, and they can’t also block extreme sunny conditions too which will only result in heat overload inside your RV.


  • EPDM roofs don’t need any special equipment when installing such. Meanwhile, TPO needs hot air welding making the installation costly and difficult to do so.
  • Even a beginner can easily install an EPDM roof, and it doesn’t require any special skills either. If you try to install a TPO roof without knowledge and skills how to do so, you’re only putting your RV’s life at risk.


  • Installing an EPDM membrane properly doesn’t require any special maintenance. TPO, on the other hand, needs to be maintained properly and you need to treat its seams with an adhesive so that the roof won’t fall apart.
  • The only disadvantage of an EPDM roof is its poor response to oils and solvents. So when it comes to cleaning and maintaining one, avoid using conditioners and cleaners that contain harsh abrasives. Doing so will only bring severe damage to the roof.

Ten Most Dangerous Garage Tools You Should Be Careful Of

There are myriad of garage tools that can be dangerous if used improperly. Injuries are most likely to happen especially to those people who have zero knowledge of using such tools. That’s why it’s very important to read the manual first before operating such. In this article, we’re going to focus on the top ten most dangerous garage tools ever.

  1. Powered Saws
  2. Different types of powered saws are dangerous. Be it a small circular saw or a stationary table saw, their level of danger is exactly the same. These saws have blades that spin around 2500 rpm, which is fast enough to cut your limbs in a matter of seconds. To ensure safety, always wear proper gear and use factory guards and clamp materials rather than operating the machine by hand.

  3. Chainsaws
  4. Speaking of saws, chainsaws fall into a different category and have their own types of danger too. When operating one, make sure to turn it off if a person or any living thing is 10 foot near to your location. Also, never operate a chainsaw if you’re on a wobbly surface. Doing so will result in further damage later on that will look like you’re on a final destination movie.

  5. Nail Guns
  6. Just like real guns, a nail gun can easily embed a nail into a surface in just a second. When operating such, always disconnect the air hose after using. Don’t forget to wear safety gear too such as safety goggles and be mindful of the area you’re shooting in.

  7. Ladders
  8. Did you know? That ladders are the main reason why some accidents happen at home or in a workplace that occurs every year? They may look harmless to look at but the dangers they possess can lead to injuries. When using a ladder, don’t forget to tie it on something to prevent it from wobbling. Or better yet, using a step ladder is a much safer option. Don’t ever use ladders on uneven terrain or rocky areas as it may tumble down easily. Consider using a safety harness if you’re already above 10 feet off the ground.

  9. Power Drills
  10. There are three injuries that are caused by power drills. First is puncture wounds, second is wounds caused by loose clothing that’s caught by the drill, and lastly, other types of injuries such as electrocution from drilling into live wiring. Drills are made for single person use only. Operating it with both hands will likely cause major injuries if not handled carefully.

  11. Grinders
  12. Just like powered saws, grinders are more powerful that can even cut or shred a person to pieces in a matter of seconds. When operating grinders, always wear safety goggles and other safety clothing. Never ever you should bypass safety mechanisms when operating a bench grinder or the next thing you’ll see is a warm welcome inside the hospital.

  13. Using Other Tools for Different Purposes
  14. Each garage tools are designed with different purposes, and using them for anything else is a recipe for disaster. For example, using a screwdriver as a chisel will result in serious injuries. Only use the right tool for the job and only use it as the manufacturer intended.

  15. Air Compressors
  16. Just as you think that air compressors are safe, then that’s where you are wrong kiddo. Air compressors can be pretty dangerous especially those that are not properly maintained. Tank rupture is more likely to happen when an air compressor hasn’t been maintained for years. Other injuries include improperly connected brass connectors flying off due to the great force from the pressure inside the compressor.

  17. Axes
  18. Axes may look like a common tool that your grandpa used to cut those timber back then, but they are also pretty dangerous too. Before using an axe, make sure that the handle is properly fastened to the blade. It’s better to keep a 10-foot radius clear around the work area when using such.

  19. Utility Knife
  20. Utility knives have a razor sharp edge that can cut through any kinds of material, even your skin. So after using such, don’t forget to automatically sheat the blade to keep yourself away from harm. If you don’t, the next thing you’ll find is yourself running and panicking to find that first aid kit.

Five Doable Automotive Repairs Without the Need of a Mechanic

Taking care of your vehicle is an important responsibility every car owner should know. Keeping our cars in shape is important so that it will run well and is safe to drive on. Not only it makes our vehicles run well, but it will also expand the lifespan of such. Think of car issues like dominoes. If one little problem is ignored, then it can lead to a much bigger problem soon thereafter.

There are two things that we should keep in mind when taking a car: maintenance, and repair. However, there’s a fine line between the two. The former means replacing existing components that are near the end of its life, while the latter means adjusting some parts to keep your car running.

Both maintenance and repair can cost you money. Should you be hiring an expert mechanic or take it to a local automotive repair shop, the last thing you’ll do is probably grabbing your wallet and let out some cash. But it doesn’t have to be this hard. In fact, there are a few things that you can do on your own when it comes to taking care of your car.

Of course, we are not talking about complicated things such as rebuilding an engine or such. There are a few basic repairs that you can learn without the presence of a mechanic. It may be time-consuming, but the results, in the end, are totally worth it. So what are we waiting for? Here are five automotive repairs that you can do on your own.

  • Oil Change
  • Probably one of the easiest “do it yourself” repair that can be done in your garage is an oil change. Most vehicles require an oil change every 3-5000 miles. And heading to an oil change spot can really waste not just your cash, but also your time. This is because there may be others that are having an oil change too, and you have to wait in line before it’s your turn.
  • But nonetheless, changing your oil at home is as easy as pie. Not only it saves you cash, but also saves you from headache while being in queue on the line. It may take a little time how to figure it out at first, but once you get the hang of it, it is actually a quick and easy procedure that you can do in minutes.
  • First, you have to buy a new oil filter. Keep in mind that you have to buy one that suits your vehicle. Next, you need to have a car jack and two jack stands. Turn your car on and do a few minutes of driving. This is important so that the oil will warm up for you to drain. Once done, park your car on a perfectly flat ground while the parking brake is being engaged.
  • Second, lift the front of your car by using the jack and jack stands. Make sure it is properly secured so that you won’t run into trouble later on.
  • Third, find the oil drain plug that is located near the engine. Once located, place your oil pan underneath the plug and unscrew it. Once the oil flow has slowed down, remove the oil filter by unscrewing it. Create a strong seal by dipping your finger into the new oil and rubbing it on top of the new oil filter. Once done, replace the gasket on the oil plug and screw it tightly back in to place.
  • Lastly, lower the vehicle back to the ground and refuel the oil supply with the oil supply that’s designated for your car. Make sure that the oil levels are accurate by using a dipstick. Now you’re ready to go! You just did your oil change at your home.
  • Air Filter Replacement
  • Air filter change is probably more expensive than an oil change. Some mechanics tend to trick car owners that you need to replace a specific component even if it’s still working well.
  • However, this won’t be the case if you know how to replace an air filter on your own. The best part about it is air filter replacement is very easy compared to oil changed as mentioned above.
  • First, you need to buy a new air filter. You can get one from your local auto parts shop or just shop online whatever suits you. Make sure to choose one that’s compatible with your car.
  • Second, open the hood of your car and locate the air filter box. It’s actually a large black box that has a hose coming out of it. It’s also placed right on top of the engine. Still unsure? Read the user manual of your car to make sure you located the correct piece of component.
  • Third, now that you’ve located it, remove the old air filter by opening the air filter box. Take out the old filter and put in the new one. Close and latch the box into place and you’re done!

  • Changing Wiper Blades
  • One of the most overlooked parts of car repairs is probably the windshield wipers. It may seem unimportant to replace one, but they tend to wear out over time. Once they do, they will be unable to wipe the water out of your windshield, which makes it difficult to see especially when driving during heavy rain. However, changing your windshield wiper blades is just as easy like changing your air filter.
  • First, you have to buy a new pair of wiper blades. Pick one that is as the right size of your car. You can find them almost anywhere both offline and online.
  • Second, lift your windshield wipers up until it points straight outwards. Find the blade and rotate it until it’s separated from the wiper arm. Once done, locate the release tab for the blade that’s located at the bottom of the arm. Squeeze the tab until the blade is separated from the arm.
  • Third, now that the old blade is out, replace it with the new one. Slide in the new blade until it clicks. The click is a sign that the blade is already placed tightly and secured. Repeat the process to the other wiper arm and then you’re good to go.

  • Rotating Tires
  • Rotating your tires is another important aspect when it comes to car maintenance. In fact, it will increase the life span of your tires just by rotating them. It can also prevent suspension damage and reduces the cost of getting a wheel alignment.
  • Tire shops will rotate your tires for free if you bought your tires from them. However, you can save time and hassle by just rotating them on your own at the peace of your home.
  • First, make sure that your car is parked on a flat ground while the emergency brake is engaged. Put blocks or wedges around the tires to make it stay put while on the ground.
  • Second, check if your tires need to follow a specific pattern of rotation. Most vehicles have non-directional tires, meaning you can only rotate them on a single pattern. For example, you want to rotate the left front tire then you can only rotate it with the left rear tire too. The same goes for the right tire.
  • Third, now that your car is secured into place, use a lug nut wrench to loosen the lug nuts of your tires. Use the star pattern rather than going in a circle. Do this while the car is on the ground for safety purposes.
  • Fourth, use a jack stand to lift the car to the first tire you will be working on. Finish removing the lug nuts and take them off the tire. Repeat this process with the other tires.
  • Lastly, now that you’re done with all the tires, remove your car from the jack and jack stands. Now that your car is settled back on the ground, tighten all the lug nuts by using the lug nut wrench again. Don’t forget to use the star pattern instead of the circle one. And then you’re done!

  • Replacing Brake Pads
  • Brakes are the most important part of your vehicle, and properly maintaining them is vital for a safer car riding experience. A dysfunctional brake is a recipe for disaster so if ever you have one, it’s time to replace them with newer ones. Replacing them on your own will save you wads of cash since brake replacement tend to be expensive, how much more when added with labor costs.
  • First, buy new brake pads that fit right to your vehicle. Then secure your vehicle by parking it on the ground while the emergency brake is engaged. Place blocks around the wheels to keep it into place.
  • Second, loosen the lug nuts by using a lug wrench. Don’t forget to use the star pattern just like what you did with the previous tip. Use the jack stand to lift the wheel off the ground and finish unscrewing the lug nuts and remove the tire.
  • Third, find the brake caliper, an item that is connected with the brake motor. Unscrew the brake caliper using a socket wrench. Keep in mind that the calipers can only be removed from the rotor, what you just did is just loosening them for easy removal later on. After removing the caliper, you can now remove the brake pads on the front and back of the rotor. Some of these pads will easily slide out, while others need to be worked a little bit until they pop out.
  • Fourth, place the new brake pads on. Replacing the new ones requires a bit of finagling. For easy placement, put a little bit of grease outside the brake pads, just make sure that the grease won’t get any on the rotors. Grease isn’t actually necessary, but it is important so that your brakes won’t make unusual noises thereafter.
  • Fifth, adjust your brake caliper. Take note that the caliper won’t fit over your new brake pads, so a little push to the piston back into the caliper is needed. You may want to use a brake tool to do this so that it will make space for the size of the new pads. You can alternatively use a metal clamp as well if you had one for easier convenience.
  • Finally, once the caliper is adjusted, you can now place it back over the pads by screwing it back into place. Put the tires back on and screw the lug nuts back by using the lug nut wrench. Repeat the process with the other tires and then you’re done!

Essential Tips to Prevent a Blown Head Gasket

Car owners probably know by now that owning one isn’t just a simple walk in the park. There are times your car will work perfectly then there are times where it can put a real pain on your head. They say prevention is better than cure and in this article, we’re going to talk about how to prevent a blown head gasket. But before that, what in the world is a blown head gasket?

Blown Head Gasket

  • The most common issue car drivers even encounter is a blown head gasket. The worst part of this is that repairing it can really put a hole into your wallet. While the gasket is not actually “that” expensive, the cost of labor is the one that can really break your bank account. Used to car repairs? Well, you still have to deal with a lot of grease and precious wasted time just to repair one.

The Head Gasket

  • Before anything else, what is a head gasket actually? The head gasket can be found between the cylinder and the engine block. Its main use is to contain pressure and to keep all three liquids of the engine separated. It also acts as a barrier to keep the head and block apart for easier maintenance. Head gaskets are built with durability in mind, as its main purpose is to withstand overloading amounts of pressure and temperature.

Ways to Prevent a Blown Head Gasket

  • There are multiple ways to prevent a blown head gasket. But the trick relies on how to avoid them in the first place. The most common one is to identify the cause, and the second is to properly install the head gasket. So what are the causes of a blown head gasket? Let’s have a look!
  • Overheating – One of the most common causes of a blown head gasket is probably overheating. Overheating happens when the armor that surrounds the cylinders are crushed. Once this happens, it causes a loss of compression on the engine and leaks starts to occur on the coolant. The next thing you’ll find is a smoke that comes out from your engine followed by a loud bang that means “it’s time for a repair”.

  • Hot spots – Blown head gaskets are more prominent on older cars because their engines are more likely to have “hot spots”. These things can be found around the cylinder head and the central cylinders. Car companies, however, found a solution to address this issue by creating cars with reinforced engines. Have an older car? Take time to check it out and install a reinforced engine as soon as possible.

  • Pre-ignition trouble – This issue is often found on cars that are only used for inner-city driving. The situation behind this problem is where the fuel is combusted at the wrong time. Which results in large amounts of pressure being pushed into the cylinder head leaving the engine struggling to battle against itself.

  • Poor head gasket – Of course, having a bad head gasket is more likely the result of it turning into a blown one. Doing research when it comes to buying or repairing cars is the best thing you can do before opting for one. This problem is completely avoidable if you have a good head gasket to begin with.

  • Improper installation – Lastly, poor installation of a head gasket is the most likely cause. If you have zero knowledge of installing such, then let a professional do its thing. Don’t ever think of DIY installations as it can only lead to serious problems later on.

Five Tips to Properly Install a Head Gasket

  • But if you really want to install a head gasket by yourself to cut costs, here are a few tips that you can follow:
  • Don’t use old bolts – Never ever re-use old head gasket bolts if you decide to install a new one. Old bolts don’t have the same clamping force as newer ones so it’s better to completely avoid using such.

  • Properly apply sealants – Leaks is another issue that can lead to blown head gaskets. However, there are lots of quick and effective sealants in the market today that you can use. But keep in mind that despite having the best sealer around, properly applying it is the real challenge here.

  • Check for flaws even the simplest ones – There are times that we are too occupied with the biggest things that we never paid attention to the tiniest details. If that is the case, checking for even the tiniest and simplest flaws is the key for preventing a blown head gasket. These tiny problems will probably build up and can become huge as time goes by if not addressed.

  • Clean the desk surface completely – After looking for the tiniest flaws, cleaning the desk surface is also important when installing a head gasket. Leaving remnants from your old gasket will greatly affect how your sealant works.

  • Always follow torque specifications – Torques play a vital role when it comes to preventing blown head gaskets. You should not only use the correct torque wrench, but you must also follow its usage patterns and specs.

Essential Motorcycle Tips for First Time Riders

Motorcycles are your best bet when it comes to transportation. Not only it is fun to ride on, but it is also gas efficient so you won’t have to spend lots of cash to refuel it just like cars. However, just because it has its pros doesn’t mean that it doesn’t have its cons too. If you’re a first timer on the motorcycle world, then there are some few tips that you should keep in mind.

From a first timer’s perspective, a motorcycle could be a nerve-racking experience. Unlike cars, motorcycles don’t have airbags, seat belts, or any kind of safety gear. Doing simple mistakes could lead to death. But calm down for a moment and don’t close this article just yet. Below are ten essential motorcycle tips for you to know for a fun and safer motorcycle experience.

  • Be Committed and Take the Risk
  • Some might say that if you don’t know how to ride one, then don’t bother. But just because you have zero knowledge about it doesn’t mean that you can’t enjoy riding one. It is true indeed that motorcycling is a dangerous and risky hobby. But if you really want to, then you must be committed to riding such. Keep in mind that riding a motorcycle isn’t as simple as one, two, three. Learning it can be one simple step at a time. The more you pursue to learn how to ride one, the better you’ll get as time goes by.

  • Join a Motorcycle Safety Course
  • There are lots of options tailored for first timers in the world of motorcycling. You can either ask your experienced friend to teach you or you can take a DMV test and learn by the book, or you can enroll in a course for safety organization. But your best bet is to take a motorcycling safety training rather than being taught by your family and friends. If you’re living in the US, the Motorcycle Safety Foundation offers safety motorcycle classes for you to enroll on. They will teach you about the strategies of throttle, brake control, and a whole lot more. You can also opt for a more advanced training to greatly improve your motorcycling skills too.

  • Buy a Motorcycle
  • Now that you’re really committed on entering this hobby, it’s time to buy a motorcycle. Myriads of brands and manufacturers offer top-notch motorcycles. Be sure to opt for one that suits your budget without compromising the quality. Also, pick one that is user-friendly, which is important if you’re a beginner.

  • Don’t Forget the Protective Gear
  • Of course, no motorcycle is complete without a protective gear. If you don’t have one, then the next thing you’ll find is the police pulling you over. Buy a helmet, motorcycle jacket, gloves, boots, and pants that will ensure your safety when riding one.

  • Choose a Mentor That You Can Trust
  • If you just completed your motorcycle training, then it’s time to find a mentor that you can trust to guide you along the way. Hiring a mentor will have its benefits such as teaching you some skills that are not taught during your training.
  • Let’s Get It On!
  • Now that you’re ready to go, it’s time to test your motorcycle for your first ride. Don’t forget to apply all the skills and lessons you have learned during the training. And of course, don’t go riding when you don’t have your protective gear with you. It’s also important that you familiarize yourself with the controls so you don’t have to look down every time just to push a button or something. Familiarizing yourself with the controls will give you time to focus on the road to avoid accidents.

  • Mistakes are Inevitable
  • For first-timers, mistakes are more likely to happen. Don’t be discouraged in case you failed. Instead, use it as a stepping stone to try again and perform better. Motorcycling is not a skill that you can learn overnight. It takes time, patience, and also, dedication before you master it.

  • Learn to Put Gear On the Bike
  • Learning how to put gear is beneficial for you especially when you have loads of items to carry around. There are also some accessories that you can easily install on your motorcycle without the need of a professional.

  • Go Beyond the Limits
  • If you now have the guts to take your motorcycle to the next level, then it’s time to go out of town for a test ride. This is the perfect time to roam around with your bike and enjoy the scenery while you’re at it. Don’t forget to bring your smartphone with you and use a map app to guide you along the way.

  • Have Fun!
  • At the end of the day, just have fun! Learning how to ride a motorcycle may be difficult at first, but as soon as you get the hang of it, it can be a pleasant experience for you. Just don’t forget to apply all the lessons during your training for a much fun and safer experience. So what are you waiting for? Grab that helmet and hit the road!

Eight Best Ways to Heat Your Garage in Winter

A garage can be anything. Be it your workshop, an extra living space, and of course, a place to park your car. A warm garage is just what you need when winter comes. There are a lot of options to heat your garage. In this article, we’re going to focus on eight best ways to do so.

Keep in mind that these options will vary depending on your location and also your budget. The options listed below are tailored to help you choose what’s best for you. Let’s have a look at them!

  • Garage Insulation
  • This is probably one of the most common heating methods for your garage that might put people to sleep. However, a properly insulated garage needs a bit kind of work even on the tiniest details. You have to make sure that your garage is free from cracks and any other kinds of openings before insulating it. Moreover, you may have to replace your normal garage door into something that’s insulated too.
  • A fully insulated garage will protect you and the whole family even on the worst conditions (maybe even from a storm too), making it easier to maintain livable conditions.

  • Garage Heating Units
  • Shopping for heating units in the market and you’ll be greeted with a lot of options such as convection heaters to full-size units. But the key here is to buy one that can fit right for your garage without sacrificing too much space.
  • Heating units are probably the cheapest way to heat your garage. But it’s best to use them for short-term only because of their high energy consumption. If you really need to heat your garage in winter, then investing in an actual garage heater is your best bet. They function just like your usual AC units and are permanently installed on the ceiling that can heat even the largest garages.

  • Infrared Heating
  • This one is kind of different. Infrared heating is designed with heating specific areas in mind, such as your workspace. These infrared mats can be placed on your garage floor, making it easier for you to work under the car with extra comfort.
  • There’s also a cable version that operates just like an old-fashioned wire space heater. However, it warms your equipment before the air itself. Both of these infrared heaters are energy efficient and operates well as they are intended to.

  • Heated Garage Floor
  • A garage’s worst enemy is probably the concrete during colder climates. While adding a floor covering may sometimes not do the trick, opting for renovating your whole garage floor and replacing it with a heated floor is probably your best bet.
  • Heated floors have a base layer of filler sand that’s covered by a reflective liner. Flexible piping is then installed in loops which are then covered in concrete to finish the floor. Those pipes beneath are heated with the help of a boiler. While it may seem like a great idea, it can be costly, and you need to hire a professional to install it for you, which adds up the labor cost.

  • ModCon Boilers
  • If you haven’t heard any word about this one, ModCon boilers are actually tankless water heaters that doubles as a space heater without affecting the function of the other. Keep your garage toasty warm by using this device. It may be costly, but it’s worth the money since it consumes less energy compared to other heaters.

  • Electric Ceiling Panels
  • Not to be confused with solar panels (which is actually a different device in the first place), electric ceiling panels is one way to heat your garage in cold conditions. They are one-inch rectangles that can heat up or cool quickly, allowing a safe and efficient temperature control.
  • However, leaving them on for a long period of time will result in skyrocketing electric bills. So if you opt on using this one, be sure to only turn it on when needed.

  • Stove/Fireplace
  • Go back in time by using a stove or a fireplace to heat a room, especially your garage. Just don’t forget to prepare a fire extinguisher nearby just in case the fire starts to act up like it has a mind of its own. Soapstone fireplaces is an obscure variant that is attractive to look at if you don’t like the looks of your default fire stove.

  • Stone Heating
  • Since we’re talking about old school stuff, stone heating is another “primitive” tech of heating your garage. Some stones and minerals absorb heat, which radiates it back to the environment, providing warmth to the place. Placing them into a well-insulated garage is enough to keep the entire garage warm. However, when we talk about efficiency, stone heaters are an exemption. And it’s best to reserve this one on garages with no electricity in sight.